All set with Google Analytics 4, or is that still stressing you out?


In today’s digital world, understanding your website and app’s performance is crucial for success. Google Analytics 4 (GA4) is a powerful tool that can help you measure traffic and user engagement across your online properties. With GA4, you’ll be able to gather insights and make data-driven decisions for your business.

To begin, it’s essential to set up your GA4 account properly. This guide will help you navigate the setup process, providing you with step-by-step instructions and actionable insights. By following this guide, you’ll have a solid foundation for using GA4 to analyze and optimize your online presence.

Whether you’re new to Google Analytics or have experience with previous versions, GA4 offers a range of features to help you gain a deeper understanding of your audience. So, let’s dive into the world of GA4 and start unlocking its potential for your business.

Getting Started with GA4

As digital marketing evolves, it’s crucial to stay updated with the latest tools and techniques. Google Analytics 4 (GA4) is a significant update in the world of web analytics that offers new insights and improved integration. In this section, we will cover the essential steps for setting up GA4.

Understanding the Differences Between GA4 and Universal Analytics

Before diving into GA4, it’s helpful to understand the differences between this new platform and Universal Analytics. GA4 offers a more holistic approach to data collection and analysis, combining web traffic and user interactions across platforms for better insights. Some of the key differences include:

  • New event-driven data model
  • Improved cross-device tracking and measurement
  • Enhanced funnel analysis and conversion tracking
  • AI-powered insights and predictions

These changes offer a more comprehensive view of user behavior, helping you optimize your marketing strategies.

Reasons for Upgrading to GA4

Upgrading to GA4 is essential for the following reasons:

  1. Gain a unified view of user interactions across platforms
  2. Access advanced analytics features like cohort analysis, funnel views, and AI-powered insights
  3. Future-proof your analytics setup as GA4 becomes the new standard
  4. Benefit from Google’s ongoing GA4 development and feature updates

Making the switch is a vital step for modern marketers seeking to stay ahead of the competition.

Creating a Google Analytics 4 Property

Setting up a GA4 property is the first step in the process. Follow these steps to create a new GA4 property:

  1. Sign in to your Google Analytics account
  2. Navigate to the Admin panel (gear icon at bottom left)
  3. Select “Create Property” under the Property column
  4. Choose “Google Analytics 4” and fill in the necessary property details, then click “Create”

You now have a new GA4 property in your Google Analytics account.

Setting up a data stream for your website

The next step is to set up a data stream for your website. This will allow GA4 to collect data specific to your site. Here’s how:

  1. Go to your GA4 Admin panel
  2. Select “Data Streams” under the Property column
  3. Click “Add stream” and choose “Web”
  4. Fill in your website details and click “Create stream”

This will generate a unique Measurement ID, which you will need to add to your website’s code or use with Google Tag Manager for data collection.

To ensure you’re making the most of GA4, it’s essential to stay informed and explore the new features it offers. Proper setup and understanding of GA4 will help you drive better marketing insights and stay ahead in the digital marketing landscape.

Tracking Code Installation

In this section, we’ll guide you through the process of installing the GA4 tracking code on your website and mobile apps. This will enable you to start collecting data and gain valuable insights about your visitors’ behavior.

On Website

One of the easiest ways to install GA4 on your website is by using Google Tag Manager. Follow the steps below:

  1. Create a new “GA4 Configuration” tag in your Tag Manager account.
  2. Enter your unique Measurement ID, which can be found in your GA4 property settings.
  3. Pair your tag with a trigger to fire on all page views.
  4. Publish your Tag Manager container code to make GA4 active on your site.

If you’re not using Google Tag Manager, you can install the GA4 tracking code directly on your website by following the instructions provided in the Google Analytics Help Center.

On Mobile Apps

For mobile apps, GA4 provides SDKs for both Android and iOS. To set up tracking for your app, follow these steps:

  1. Ensure that you have a GA4 property created in your Google Analytics account.
  2. Follow the instructions in the Android or iOS developer guides to integrate the GA4 SDK into your app.
  3. Configure the appropriate events, user properties, and parameters in your app’s code to start tracking user interactions with your app.

Once you’ve followed the steps for your platform, your app will begin sending data to your GA4 property, giving you valuable insights into your users’ behavior and engagement.

Event Setup and Configuration

In this section, we will discuss how to set up and configure events in Google Analytics 4 (GA4). Events are actions or occurrences that you want to track on your website or app, such as button clicks or page views. GA4 allows you to track different types of events, allowing you to better understand user behavior and improve your website or app performance.

Automatic Events

GA4 automatically tracks some events without any additional setup. These are called automatic events. Examples of automatic events include page views, scrolls, and outbound clicks. When GA4 is properly installed, it will start collecting data for these events right away, providing you with valuable insights on user engagement without additional work.

Custom Events

While automatic events cover many common user interactions, chances are you will want to track custom events specific to your business. Custom events are events that you define, like a user adding an item to their cart or completing a purchase.

To set up custom events in GA4, you can use the logEvent method in your GA4 tag on your website or app, with the event name and parameters you want to track. For example:

gtag('event', 'purchase', { 'value': 99.99, 'currency': 'USD' });

This code snippet would track a custom event named ‘purchase’ with a value of 99.99 and currency in USD.


Event parameters are additional data that you can attach to an event to provide more context. For example, if you’re tracking a purchase event, you might want to include the product ID, price, and quantity as parameters.

  • Recommended Parameters: GA4 has a set of recommended events with predefined names and parameters that you can implement to unlock existing reporting capabilities.
  • Custom Parameters: In addition to recommended parameters, you can also create custom parameters. For example, you might want to track user preferences or other unique attributes that are relevant to your business.

User Properties

User properties are attributes that you can associate with individual users, such as their age, gender, or interests. By setting up user properties, you can segment your audience and analyze user behavior based on these properties.

To set up user properties, you can use the setUserProperty method in your GA4 tag, like this:

gtag('set', 'user_properties', { 'interest': 'sports' });

This code snippet sets a user property named ‘interest’ with a value of ‘sports’ for the current user. Remember that similar to events, you should only include relevant and accurate data that respects user privacy.

By following these guidelines, you can effectively set up and configure events in GA4, allowing you to obtain valuable insights about your users and optimize your website or app experience.

Enhanced Measurement in GA4

Enhanced Measurement is a suite of automatic event-tracking features in GA4 that allow you to collect more data out of the box without needing to customize your setup much (Analytics Mania). In this section, we will discuss the main components of Enhanced Measurement in GA4:

Page Views

Page Views are automatically tracked in GA4, allowing you to monitor user visits to different pages of your website. The tracking does not require any additional setup, making it easier for you to focus on analyzing the data and making improvements to your site.


GA4’s Enhanced Measurement can also track user scroll activity on your website. This feature provides insights into how far down a page users are scrolling and which sections are engaging them the most. By monitoring scroll depth, you can optimize your content layout and improve the overall user experience.

Outbound Clicks

Outbound clicks are another vital aspect of Enhanced Measurement in GA4. With this feature, you have the ability to track when users click on external links within your site, giving you a better understanding of their engagement with your content and helping you to optimize your site for better conversion rates.

Site Search

Site Search tracking allows you to understand how visitors are using the search feature on your website. This data can help you improve your site’s search functionality and identify frequently searched terms to create more targeted and relevant content for your users.

Video Engagement

Video Engagement tracking in GA4’s Enhanced Measurement helps you to evaluate user interactions with video content on your site. The feature automatically tracks important video-related actions such as plays, pauses, and completion rates. By monitoring video engagement, you can optimize your video content for better user experience and increased conversions.

Remember to regularly review and analyze the data collected through Enhanced Measurement in GA4 to make informed decisions about improving your website’s performance and user experience. Tracking these key events can help you understand user behavior and optimize your site accordingly.

Conversions and Goal Setup

Setting up conversions and goals in GA4 is crucial for measuring the effectiveness of your marketing efforts. In this section, we will discuss how to set up conversions and goals directly in the GA4 dashboard.

To get started, navigate to the “All Events” tab in your GA4 dashboard. First, make sure you have selected your preferred GA4 property. Next, click on “Events” and then “Create Event” (source).

When the new window appears, click “Create.” Here, you can add a parameter and give your event a unique name. This helps track actions that are most relevant to your business, such as sign-ups, purchases, or downloads (source).

Once you have set up the event, you can mark it as a conversion by toggling “Mark as conversion” in the event configuration in GA4. This will allow you to track and report on these conversion events in various reports such as Acquisition, Engagement, and Advertising reports (source).

Remember, setting up conversions and goals in GA4 may take some trial and error, so don’t be afraid to adjust and fine-tune your events as needed. This will help you better understand the performance of your campaigns and optimize your marketing strategy accordingly.

Audience Creation and Segmentation

Creating and segmenting your audiences in GA4 helps you better understand and target your users. Let’s explore how you can create and manage audiences in Google Analytics 4.

First, navigate to the “Configure” button in the menu at the top left of the GA4 interface. Then, click the “Audiences” tab in the menu at the top left. You’ll see a “New Audience” button at the top right of the audiences listsource.

Click the “New Audience” button, and you will be able to define your audience based on dimensions, metrics, and event datasource. Make sure to give your audience a meaningful name to help you remember the criteria you used for segmentation.

Once you create an audience, it will accumulate users who meet the specified conditions. GA4 offers many new features and capabilities to define users like never beforesource.

Additionally, you can create audiences using segments. Segments in GA4 are available only in the Exploration reportssource. To create an audience from segments, sign in to Google Analytics, click “Explore,” and select or create a new exploration. In the Tab Settings on the left, use the segment builder to define your audiencesource.

Remember, finding the right audience is crucial for successful marketing. By utilizing GA4’s audience creation and segmentation tools, you can easily target your users and create more effective marketing campaigns.

Debugging and Testing

When setting up GA4, it’s essential to debug and test your implementation to ensure accurate data collection. This section will guide you through the process of debugging and testing your configurations using the Debug View and Google Tag Assistant.

Using the Debug View

The Debug View in Google Analytics 4 allows you to monitor events and debug issues in real-time. To enable debug mode for your personal device, you can install the Google Analytics Debugger Chrome extension. Once installed, enable the extension and refresh the page. Alternatively, you can set the debug_mode parameter in your Google Tag Manager configuration to any value to activate the Debug View. Remember, even if you enter the word “false”, it will still activate the debug view as mentioned by Analytics Mania.

In Debug View, you’ll see a list of incoming events from your website or app. You can use this to verify that you’ve correctly set up GA4 and are tracking the desired events.

Google Tag Assistant

Another useful tool for debugging and testing your GA4 setup is the Google Tag Assistant Chrome extension. This extension helps you identify issues with your Google tags, including GA4, and provides suggestions for improving your implementation.

After installing the Google Tag Assistant, click on the extension icon and then click “Enable.” When you navigate to your website, you’ll see a summary of the detected tags and their status. If there’s an issue with any of the tags, you can click on them to get more details and suggested solutions.

In conclusion, debugging and testing your GA4 setup is crucial for ensuring accurate data collection. Using tools like Debug View and Google Tag Assistant can help you identify and resolve any issues that may arise during the implementation process. Remember to test thoroughly and double-check your configurations to get the most accurate insights from your analytics.

Reports and Analysis

In this section, we will discuss various reports and analysis features available in Google Analytics 4 (GA4) to help you better understand your website traffic and user engagement.

Overview Reports

The overview reports in GA4 provide a snapshot of your website’s performance, including user engagement, traffic sources, and user demographics. You can easily access these reports by navigating to the GA4 dashboard and clicking on the overview section. Through these reports, you can:

  • Monitor your website’s key performance indicators (KPIs)
  • Analyze user demographics and interests
  • Identify trends in user behavior

Real-Time Report

The Real-Time report in GA4 allows you to monitor the activity on your website as it happens. This report displays the number of active users, their location, and the pages they’re currently viewing. To access the Real-Time report:

  1. Go to your GA4 dashboard
  2. Select the ‘Real-Time’ report from the left-hand side navigation menu

With this report, you can observe how users are interacting with your website in real time, enabling you to make immediate adjustments to improve user experience and engagement.

User-Explorer Report

The User-Explorer report in GA4 offers detailed insights into individual user behavior on your website. This report helps you analyze:

  • Unique user identifiers
  • Session duration
  • Bounce rate
  • Pages per session

By gaining a more in-depth understanding of individual user behavior, you can identify areas for improvement in your website’s user experience.

Funnel Analysis

Funnel analysis in GA4 enables you to create custom funnels that help you analyze user behavior through specific paths on your website. This can be particularly useful for understanding user drop-off points and optimizing conversion rates. To set up a funnel analysis:

  1. Navigate to the GA4 dashboard
  2. Click on the ‘Analysis Hub’ within the Analysis section
  3. Select ‘Funnel Analysis’ from the list of available templates and customize your funnel steps

By utilizing these different reports and analysis tools in GA4, you can improve your website’s performance and provide a better user experience for your visitors.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Now that you have learned how to set up GA4, it’s time to apply this knowledge to your own website. Make use of the valuable insights GA4 provides to optimize your site’s performance and enhance user experience.

Begin by implementing GA4 alongside your existing Universal Analytics property. Familiarize yourself with the new interface and features, such as data streams and advanced data collection options. This will ease your transition and ensure continuity in your data analysis.

Next, customize your GA4 setup to suit your specific business needs. Experiment with different event tracking, triggers, and conversions to gain important insights into your users’ behavior. Make sure you maintain privacy standards and comply with data protection regulations by utilizing features like User-ID, IP anonymization, and Consent Mode.

Finally, take advantage of the 11 steps to setting up a successful GA4 property and other helpful resources. Keep learning and stay up-to-date with the latest GA4 developments to maximize the benefits for your website and business.

In the future, expect more updates and features from GA4, further enhancing its usefulness as a powerful analytics tool. Happy analyzing!